Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of our time and one that scientists are attempting to solve at an alarming rate. It is the result of increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere creating a warming effect that results in rising water levels, increased storm activity, changing wind patterns and melting ice sheets. Climate change also encompasses both human-caused climate change and the resultant large-scale changes in global weather patterns as a result of global warming. While it can cause major problems in areas such as water shortages, food costs, natural disasters and potentially instability in countries, it can also have far-reaching and far-lasting effects on people’s day-to-day lives.
Global warming as the result of climate change has already impacted us on a large scale. Water shortages, food costs, natural disasters and political instability have all were directly linked to the change in climatic conditions. While natural disasters such as hurricanes and floods may seem relatively minor in comparison to the impact climate change has on our homes and communities, they do represent a threat to future stability. In the United States, extreme weather events such as the recent outbreak of tornadoes and flooding have become more frequent and more intense over time. Extreme weather events can increase the risk of flooding, which can further threaten infrastructure and cause even more expensive damage.
In addition to flood damage, extreme heat waves and other climate change impacts can have a far-reaching and far-lasting effect on human health and safety. Many areas have been forced to prepare for these types of scenarios by increasing emergency preparedness. In the summer months, energy costs can skyrocket because of the warmer temperatures, while the winter months pose even greater threats because of the combination of snow and ice. Many areas are already being affected by increases in humidity levels, leading to a trend toward more costly exposure to these elements in the home.
Human activities are another way that climate change impacts us. As the earth’s temperature begins to change, changes in the ocean may result in increased storm activity as well as increasing wildfire risk. These changes are not simply the result of fluctuating temperatures, but rather are a direct result of global warming. Additionally, changes in the earth’s ocean currents can affect tropical storms and severe weather events. As well, melting glaciers are another significant influence on climate change and its effects on the earth’s climate.
Ocean acidification is a major threat to the world as a whole. Ocean acidification is caused by increased CO2 levels in the earth’s atmosphere, which then causes the ocean to form a layer of calcium carbonate along its walls. This layer along the ocean’s walls can greatly affect the earth’s ability to absorb the iron contained in the water. Also, it can affect the growth of some forms of algae, which can create harmful blooms in areas where the fish are used to living. These trends are a result of global warming.
Global warming exacerbates other long-term environmental problems, such as air pollution and global drought. It can also impact on natural environments, such as the food chain. In addition, global warming has been linked to increases in both coral die-off and increased flood risks. These issues are all considered a direct effect of climate change. While scientists have warned for years about the threat of climate change, less attention has been paid to the need to address these issues in the last decade or so.